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(Dr. Su`ad Ibrahim Salih is the head of the Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Department, Faculty of Islamic & Arabic Studies, Al-Azhar University.
She is a member of the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs and the organizer of the Permanent Committee of Fiqh Professors at Al-Azhar Univ.
She has many works in the field of Shari`ah and Family such as: Ahkam `Ibadat Al-Mar'ah fi Ash-Shari`ah Al-Islamiyyah, Adwa' `ala Nizam Al-Usrah fi Al-Islam, Ahkam Tasarufat As-Saghir, Ahkam Tasarufat As-Safih, Adab Al-Khilaf wa Asbab Al-Ikhtilaf, and Hquq Al-Mar'ah fi Al-Islam.


In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear questioner, thank you very much for having confidence in us, and we invoke Allah Almighty to enlighten our hearts all to accept the truth and to grant us success both in this world and on the Day of Judgement, Amen.

First of all, wed like to shed light on the origin of this festival, known as "Valentine Day" or "Festival of Love":

The Festival of Love was one of the festivals of the pagan Romans, when paganism was the prevalent religion of the Romans more than seventeen centuries ago. In the pagan Roman concept, it was an expression of "spiritual love".

There were myths associated with this pagan festival of the Romans, which persisted with their Christian heirs. Among the most famous of these myths was the Roman belief that Romulus, the founder of Rome, was suckled one day by a she-wolf, which gave him strength and wisdom.

The Romans used to celebrate this event in mid-February each year with a big festival.

One of the rituals of this festival was the sacrifice of a dog and a goat. Two strong and muscular youths would daub the blood of the dog and goat onto their bodies, then they would wash the blood away with milk. After that there would be a great parade, with these two youths at its head, which would go about the streets. The two youths would have pieces of leather with which they would hit everyone who crossed their path. The Roman women would welcome these blows, because they believed that they could prevent or cure infertility.

The connection between Saint Valentine and this festival:

Saint Valentine is a name which is given to two of the ancient "martyrs" of the Christian Church. It was said that there were two of them, or that there was only one, who died in Rome as the result of the persecution of the Gothic leader Claudius, c. 296 CE. In 350 CE, a church was built in Rome on the site of the place where he died, to perpetuate his memory.

When the Romans embraced Christianity, they continued to celebrate the Feast of Love mentioned above, but they changed it from the pagan concept of "spiritual love" to another concept known as the "martyrs of love", represented by Saint Valentine who had advocated love and peace, for which cause he was martyred, according to their claims. It was also called the Feast of Lovers, and Saint Valentine was considered to be the patron saint of lovers.

One of their false beliefs connected with this festival was that the names of girls who had reached marriageable age would be written on small rolls of paper and placed in a dish on a table. Then the young men who wanted to get married would be called, and each of them would pick a piece of paper. He would put himself at the service of the girl whose name he had drawn for one year, so that they could find out about one another. Then they would get married, or they would repeat the same process again on the day of the festival in the following year.

The Christian clergy reacted against this tradition, which they considered to have a corrupting influence on the morals of young men and women. It was abolished in Italy, where it had been well-known, then it was revived in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when in some western countries there appeared shops which sold small books called Valentines books, which contained love poems, from which the one who wanted to send a greeting to his sweetheart could choose. They also contained suggestions for writing love letters.
The above quotation is excerpted, with slight modifications, from

As regards the Islamic stance on this festival, Dr. Su`ad Ibrahim Salih, professor of Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh) at Al-Azhar University, states the following:

Indeed, Islam is the religion of altruism, true love, and cooperation on that which is good and righteous. We implore Allah Almighty to gather us together under the umbrella of His All-encompassing Mercy, and to unite us together as one man. Allah Almighty says: (The believers are naught else than brothers. Therefore make peace between your brethren and observe your duty to Allah that haply ye may obtain mercy.) (Al-Hujurat 49: 10)

Focusing more on the question in point, I can say that there are forms of expressing love that are religiously acceptable, while there are others that are not religiously acceptable. Among the forms of love that are religiously acceptable are those that include the love for Prophets and Messengers. It stands to reason that the love for Allah, and His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) should have the top priority over all other forms of love.

Islam does recognize happy occasions that bring people closer to one another, and add spice to their lives. However, Islam goes against blindly imitating the West regarding a special occasion such as Valentines Day. Hence, commemorating that special day known as the Valentines Day is an innovation or bid`ah that has no religious backing. Every innovation of that kind is rejected, as far as Islam is concerned. Islam requires all Muslims to love one another all over the whole year, and reducing the whole year to a single day is totally rejected.

Hence, we Muslims ought not to follow in the footsteps of such innovations and superstitions that are common in what is known as the Valentines Day. No doubt that there are many irreligious practices that occur on that day, and those practices are capable of dissuading people from the true meanings of love and altruism to the extent that the celebration is reduced to a moral decline.
Sun Feb 14, 2010 1:51 pm View user's profile Send private message
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JazzakAllah for thisinformation
Mon Feb 15, 2010 1:03 am View user's profile Send private message
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jazakallah good
Mon Feb 15, 2010 4:53 pm View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website
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v.gud article.aise e her muslim ko deen ka ilm hasil kerna chahiye.
Mon Feb 15, 2010 5:45 pm View user's profile Send private message
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Hey Nice Article
Mon Feb 15, 2010 6:08 pm View user's profile Send private message

Joined: 03 Apr 2008
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Location: Germany

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I will further add to this Topic
I have written about this day many times in the past to learn myself & to educate others.I would just like to mention that we shouldn,t blindly follow the others without knowing the significance of those days which they celeberate.We have never seen few years back in Pakistan that the unmarried couples are celeberating these nonsense days of others.Which isn,t openly colliding with our Faith but also it has no Religious back ground.Let me post here the Islamic point of view about this day.

Ruling on Celebrating Valentine's Day
Question: In recent times, celebration of the Valentine Day has spread,
particularly among female students. It is a Christian celebration, and it is

(manifested) with fully red costumes, clothing and shoes, and exchange of
red roses. We hope that you make clear for us the ruling on celebrating this

holiday, and what your guidance is to Muslims in matters such as these, may
Allah preserve you and guard you.

Answer: In the Name of Allah the Most Merciful the Most Beneficent As-Salamu

alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh:

Celebrating the Valentine Day is not permissible because:

Firstly, it is an innovated holiday that has no basis in the Shariah.
Secondly, it calls to love and passion.
Thirdly, it calls to keeping one's heart busy with nonsense matters which
contradict the guidance of the righteous predecessors, may Allah be pleased
with them.

So it is not permissible that anything from the signs of that holiday takes
place on that day, whether it relates to eating, drinking, clothing, giving
gifts, or other than that.

It is incumbent upon the Muslim to be proud of his religion and that he does

not blindly follow every crier.

I ask Allah the Exalted that He protect Muslims from every trial, apparent
and hidden, and that He give them protection and guidanance.

What is it and where did it come from?

St. Valentine's Day: Paganization of Christianity or Christianization of

Christians were aware of the Pagan roots of Valentine's Day. The way the
Christians adopted St. Valentine's Day should be a lesson for Muslims. In
fact, the failure to fully separate Valentine's Day from its pagan roots
explains why Islamic scholars and a number of Muslims avoid adopting
traditions of non-Muslims, even though they could possibly be Islamicized.

The Arabic word Bida means adopting something new as a religious practice
into Islam. Bida is a sin in Islam. Muslims should avoid things with
unIslamic roots even though they may appear to be innocent.

The history of Valentine's Day serves as a powerful lesson for Muslims. St.
Valentine became a Saint trying to resist free sex. Even though there was an

attempt to Christianize it, today St. Valentine's day is
gone back to its roots. No one even knows that the Church even tried to ban
the St. Valentine's Day. Rather, most people think of romance, cupid and his

arrow, which are vestiges of pagan Rome.

Pagan origins of Valentine's Day

The first information about this day is found in pre-Christian Rome, when
pagans would celebrate the "Feast of the Wolf" on February 15, also known as

the Feast of Lupercalius in honour of Februata Juno, the Roman goddess of
women and marriage, and Pan, Roman god of nature.

On this day, young women would place their names in an urn, from which boys
would randomly draw to discover their sexual companion for the day, the
year, and sometimes the rest of their lives. These partners
exchanged gifts as a sign of affection, and often married.

Christian Influence

When Christianity came onto the scene in Rome, it wanted to replace this
feast with something more in line with its ethics and morality.

A number of Christians decided to use February 14 for this purpose. This was

when the Italian Bishop Valentine was executed by the Roman Emperor Claudius

II for conducting secret marriages of military men in the year 270.

Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with
wives and families, so he outlawed marriage for young, single men, who made
up his military. Valentine defied Claudius and performed marriages for young

couples in secret. When his actions were revealed, Claudius put
him to death.

Another version of the story says that Valentine was a holy priest in Rome,
who helped Christians escape harsh Roman prisons where they were often
beaten and tortured.

Valentine was arrested and sent to the prefect of Rome for this. He found
that his attempts to make Valentine renounce his faith were useless, and so
recommended he be beaten with clubs, and later beheaded. This took place on
February 14, 270.

According to the Catholic encyclopaedia, there are at least three different
Saint Valentines, all of whom are Christian martyrs of February 14.

One of them is described as a priest from Rome (as mentioned above), another

as bishop of Interamna (modern Terni), and the third from Africa.

It was in the year 496 that Pope Gelasius officially changed the February 15

Lupercalia festival to the February 14 St. Valentine's Day to give Christian

meaning to a pagan festival. The holiday become popular in the United States

in the 1800's during the Civil War.

As well, Pope Gelasius ordered a slight change in the lottery for young
women that would take place during the pagan festival.

Instead of the names of young women, the box would have the names of saints.

Men and women were allowed to draw from the box, and the purpose of this was

to copy the ways of the saint they had selected for the rest of the year.

Valentine's Day Customs

A number of the customs connected to Valentine's Day originate in the belief

in England and France during the middle Ages, that on February 14, birds
began to pair.

Fourteenth and 15th centuries' French and English literatures make indirect
references to the practice.

Those who chose each other as husband and wife on Valentine's Day apparently

called each other their Valentines.

In terms of the Valentine's greeting "Your Valentine" which today you find
on a number of Valentine's Day cards, the above-mentioned Roman priest
Valentine actually sent the first 'valentine' greeting himself.

While he was in prison awaiting execution, he apparently fell in love with a

young girl who would visit him. Before he died, he allegedly wrote her a
letter, signed 'From your Valentine,'

In terms of the virtually naked, arrow-shooting cupid character, which
shoots people with its arrows to make them fall in love, this character is a

vestige of Roman pagan times. Cupid was described as the son of Venus, the
Roman god of love and beauty. You usually find Cupid's picture on Valentine
cards and other paraphernalia .

Islamic Perspective

We should avoid anything associated with pagan immoral practices - We do not

need to honour or celebrate the death of a Christian "saint" - Islam does
not encourage flirting or suggestions of romantic relationships before
marriage - Love between families, friends and married people does not need
to be celebrated on a day with such un-Islamic origins.

The Prophet (s) has advised us that if we love somebody we should let them
know (of course we know the forbidden relationships are not included in this

advise). He (s) said it generally and did not ask us to do it 'on such and
such a day'. Prophet (s) didn't ask us to do it only once a year but as
often as we can. So are we going to obey him (s) or Mr. Valentine?

The Prophet (s) also said that we should be different from the Jews and the
Christians and the unbelievers, so if the non Muslims are busy celebrating
Valentine's let's take the Prophet's (s) words of wisdom and be different.


دنیا کسی رنگ میں رکتی نہیں قاضی
افق کے اس پار اک نیا دن اور بھی ہے

Dunya Kisi Rang Mey Rukti Nahih Qazi
Ufaq K Us Paar Ek Naya Din Aur Bhi Hai
Wed Feb 17, 2010 10:02 pm View user's profile Send private message
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Thanks Qazi sahib for your nice contribution and addition. God bless you and give us the power to understand the teachings of Islam.
Fri Feb 19, 2010 12:24 am View user's profile Send private message
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i think this is very useful information, especially for all youngsters, as nowadays valentines day is being celebrated by a lot of youngsters and it should not really be happening, Mashallah very nice post.
Sat Feb 20, 2010 8:58 pm View user's profile Send private message
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slaam dosto,

this artical is realy good effort to stop our young ones to dont be fool with the fools.there are so many other celebrations are making place in our lifes even they dont have any real base and our young genrations is copying to them blindly..for example i was in england and it was a halloeen day..isaw even in the schools they were having parties to celeibrate it and in these schools so many muslims childrens taking part in it...i asked some british peopls kindly tell me why you celebrate this day and i was shocked when they said we dont really know about it Question so my muslims brothers and sisters please dont follow those one who dont even know what they r doing ,,,infact you should follow only your prophet(peace be upon him),s life style. allah be with us and guide us to the truth(amin)

aik pakistani
Thu Feb 25, 2010 12:30 am View user's profile Send private message
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