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General Information of Sweden

 
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General Information of Sweden
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Shah-Bano
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Joined: 04 May 2011
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General Information of Sweden
Sweden has more than 60 higher education institutions, some more focused on research and others on teaching. Degree programs in Sweden tend to consist of short courses with frequent testing, and higher education institutes are known for an emphasis on research and independent thinking. Academics and industries in Sweden are known for their high degree of cooperation, and "common core" classes unite institutions across the country with their commitment to liberal learning.

Most Swedes speak English, and many courses and programs are taught in the language. More than eight percent of university students in Sweden are international. Students can choose from a wide array of study fields, including art and design, architecture, economics, history, film, humanities and the sciences.

Population

Sweden has almost 9 million inhabitants. About 600,000 people are foreigner, of whom a third Finnish.
Sweden has one of the lowest population densities in Europe, with an average of 20 people per sq. km. But there are great regional differences: in the utmost north the density is only 3 people per sq. km., whereas this number is 250 in and around Stockholm. One third of he population lives in the urban areas of Stockholm, Göteborg and Malmö. Sweden is divided into 24 provinces and has 280 municipalities. The capital of Sweden is Stockholm, where one million and a half people live (including suburbs). The other big cities in Sweden are Goteborg, Malmö, Uppsala, Norrkoping and Orebro. Cities in the north rarely have more than 20.000 inhabitants.

The only native minority in Sweden are the 15.000 Sami (indigenous Lapp inhabitants) in the north, who differ from the other Swedes both in body characteristics as in language and culture. Since the prehistory the Sami live in the north of Sweden.
The average life expectancy for men in Sweden is 75 years and for women 81 years.
1 million Swedes emigrated at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, most of them to the USA.

Climate

Sweden is the 6th biggest nation of Europe and oblong (more than 1500 km from north to south) with great differences in nature and climate. Close to 10% of the area are lakes, more than 100 000, but most of them are very small.
The summers of Sweden can be very hot. In general the summer begins in June and ends in September. The warmest month is July. The average temperatures of that month vary from 18 degrees Celsius in Stockholm to 15 degrees Celsius in Haparanda. The midnight sun is to be seen between mid-May and mid-June above the Arctic Circle. The winter in Sweden lasts from late October until April and can be bitterly cold, especially in the northern regions of Sweden. The coldest month is February with temperatures all over Sweden below 0 degrees Celsius. Snow is very common in central and northern Sweden, and winters in the north are cold and long. Sometimes the winters are even dark, because some areas experience only 4 hours of sunshine per day.
The average percipitation is above 600 mm. Temperature in the capital Stockholm during January is averagely -4°C and during July +17°C.


Language

Swedish is a Germanic language, belonging to the Nordic branch, and is spoken throughout Sweden and in parts of Finland. Swedes, Danes and Norwegians can, however, make themselves mutually understood since their languages are similar. Most Swedes speak English as a second language. In the north the Samen still have five Samish dialects.

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